Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep disorder. This is mainly characterized by repeated upper airway disturbances during sleep, which causes breathing to stop for some seconds, throughout the night. This interrupted breathing causes a significant drop in oxygen levels in the blood, resulting in an episode of Apnea. People who suffer from OSA may snort, or gasp loudly as the breathing resumes during sleep. It can also cause choking due to obstructed airway.
There are several factors that contribute to the onset of OSA in people. These ranges from your bodyweight, to the formation and shape of your tongue.
OSA is a condition that occurs when you are asleep. Therefore, it can be difficult to recognize its symptoms on your own. However, knowing the indications of OSA helps in the better understanding of this sleep disorder.
Apart from all the above-mentioned points, there are a few other ways that can help you diagnose the severity of OSA. These methods are diagnostic tests such as - polysomnography (PSG) and home sleep test (HST)
While PSG is an elaborate complex test performed at hospitals for all kinds of sleep disorders, HST is very specific for Obstructive Sleep Apnea and can be performed at the comfort of one’s own bed at their home, making it affordable too. The test was made accessible for patients after the American Academy of Sleep Medicine approved its use for diagnostic purpose in 2009. The HST device is very simple to use and can used by yourself or with the help of service provider. The device records the total number of episodes of cessation of breath resulting in drop of oxygen levels during your sleep. With the advancement of technology, treatment options have become quite vast, which makes dealing with Sleep Apnea, a lot easier.
Proper diagnosis can help you get the suitable treatment, based on your condition for OSA. There are a lot of options available for the treatment of OSA, based on the severity of the condition.
Surgery is required only in cases where extra tissues in your throat or nose block the airway. Enlarged tonsils, and deviated septum are few of the conditions that would require surgery as a treatment option for curing OSA. The methods for surgeries differs, depending on the place of origin of OSA and the condition of it among people. Nasal surgery, Mandibular Advancement surgery, and UP3 are some of the types of surgeries performed to cure OSA.
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